The Inexperienced Peacock, The Magnificence That Is Virtually Extinct

The Inexperienced Peacock, The Magnificence That Is Virtually Extinct

The inexperienced peacock ( inexperienced peafowl ), which in scientific language known as Pavu muticus , isn’t any much less lovely than the Indian peacock or blue peacock ( Pavo cristatus ) present in India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Nepal and Bhutan, and the Congo peacock ( Afropavo congensis ) which is is an endemic hen within the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

What are the traits? Present in China, Vietnam and Indonesia, at first look this fauna is formed like a hen. Quoting Greeners.co (30/5/2017), the male peacock has a golden inexperienced mantle, neck, chest and again with a sample of scales. The tail cowl may be very lengthy and when it’s opened it varieties a large fan which has shiny fur with distinctive eye-shaped spots. On prime of his head there’s a crest upright. By way of measurement, the male peacock has a measurement of 180-250 cm. Regardless of its very giant measurement, the inexperienced peacock is a hen that’s good at flying.

In the meantime, the feminine peacock has much less hanging traits, reminiscent of a much less shiny gray-green colour and no tail protecting feathers. His face has black accents across the eyes and a vivid yellow colour across the ears. The scale can also be smaller than the male peacock, which is round 100-110 cm.

When the breeding season is available in August-October, the male hen will entice the eye of the feminine hen and drive away different males by exhibiting off its tail protecting feathers. The tail protecting feathers will probably be opened to resemble a fan with spots within the type of eyes. The kind of improvement itself is a harem, often 1 male to five females.

The feminine hen will then incubate three to 6 yellowish eggs and can incubate them in a pile of leaves and twigs on the bottom for one month. After hatching, their youngsters will proceed to be near their mom till the subsequent mating season.

In the meantime, in the case of consuming, inexperienced peacocks are fond of assorted seeds, grass shoots and leaves, numerous bugs, in addition to numerous sorts of small animals reminiscent of spiders, worms and small lizards.

Inexperienced Peacock Habitat

Solely discovered on the island of Java, the inexperienced peacock’s habitat ranges from the lowlands to excessive locations. The inexperienced peafowl is never seen in the course of the forest and is extra widespread within the extra open monsoon forest areas close to the savanna. In addition they slept on a tall naked tree.

Yow will discover the inexperienced peacock in Baluran Nationwide Park, Situbondo Regency, Alas Purwo Nationwide Park in Banyuwangi Regency, and Meru Betiri Nationwide Park which stretches throughout the Jember Regency and Banyuwangi Regency. Nationwide Meru Betiri.

The inexperienced peacock inhabitants is now declining. At the moment, there are not more than 800 of them. Reported by Tempo.co (12/2/2015), the decline within the inexperienced peacock inhabitants is generally because of searching by people for his or her feathers. The reason being, these lovely peacock feathers are sometimes used to make Reog Ponorogo artwork tools. Whereas in every chest or cross-section of Reog requires round 1,500 items of peacock feathers.

As well as, the inhabitants of inexperienced peacocks in nature can also be reducing with an increasing number of forest areas getting used as agricultural land, cultivation, and human settlements. Forest fires that occurred in a number of areas in Indonesia have additionally turn into one of many triggers for the growing shortage of inexperienced peacocks.

At the moment, the inexperienced peacock has the standing of a protected hen fauna. In accordance with ICBP (The Worldwide Council for Fowl Preservation), the inexperienced peacock is a kind of hen that’s labeled as globally threatened , each in inhabitants and habitat. In the meantime, the Conference on Worldwide Commerce in Endangered Species of Wild Animals and Crops (CITES) lists the inexperienced peacock in Appendix II. Which means inexperienced peacocks from nature can’t be instantly traded.

Sure, despite the fact that it’s the most lovely hen, sarcastically it’s due to that magnificence that brings catastrophe to the lifetime of this uncommon and guarded species. ( ALE/SA )

Scientific classification

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Galliformes
Household: Phasianidae
Genus: Pavo
Species: Pavo muticus

“The peacock is one of the animals that many people know because their feathers look very beautiful and attractive and are even dubbed the most beautiful birds in the world.”

Most of you probably already know what a peacock looks like, even though you’ve never seen one in person.

Yes, they are animals that are known as the most beautiful birds in the world because they have beautiful colorful feathers.

The color of this fur will look more vivid and beautiful when they flap their big tail in a fan-like shape.

If you want to get to know this beautiful bird more deeply, don’t miss the explanation below!

1. Taxonomy

The following is a classification or taxonomy of birds that have this beautiful plumage, namely:

Kingdomthe animal
SubkingdomFinder
InfrakingdomDeuterostomia
phylumChordates
Underwirevertebrates
InfraphylumGnathostomata
SupercellTetrapoda
Classbirds
OrderGalliformes
FamilyPhasianidae
SubfamilyPhasianinae
GenusThere
Speciespavo cristatus

2. Types of Peacocks

There are only three species of peacocks in the world, namely Indian, green and congo.

They are distinguished by color and size.

The following is an explanation of the 3 types of peacocks, namely:

2.1 Indian Peacock or Blue Peacock ( Pavo cristatus )

The Indian peacock is the most famous breed.

This bird is native to India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, and other parts of East Asia.

This species displays its tail feathers in courtship rituals or in courtship.

Their head is light blue and their tail feathers are blue mixed with green.

On the head there is a crest that is similar to a crown.

The male body length is approximately 230 cm, while the female body length is shorter than that.

2.2 Green Peacock ( Pavo muticus )

Green peacock (pixabay.com)

The green peacock is also known as the Javanese peacock which is native to the island of Java, Indonesia.

This type is similar to the Indian type in terms of using feathers during courtship rituals to body shape.

Their head and crest are dark green with a hint of blue.

Its body length can reach 3 meters.

2.3 Congo Peacock ( Pavo cristatus )

The Congo peacock is green and mottled brown, resembling a juvenile version of the green or Indian peacock.

They are smaller in size and they don’t have long necks.

This species is included in endangered animals so there is an institution or association that has created a program to help preserve their population and habitat.

3. Morphology

What are the characteristics of a peacock?

The answer will be explained below, namely:

3.1 Size

When tail length and wing span are included, they are considered one of the largest flying birds.

Its body weight ranges from 2.7 kg to 6 kg and has a wingspan of 1.4 m to 1.6 m.

Body length varies from 0.86 m to 2.12 m.

3.2 Feathers

This animal has amazing tail feathers, especially for males.

Its fur is green and blue with touches of green and brown.

They have a very distinctive tail feather pattern, which is shaped like an eye, blue in the center, and surrounded by yellow-brown.

This color varies quite a bit depending on the species.

Peacock feather (pixabay.com)

Interestingly, this animal hair has a microscopic structure resembling a crystal.

This allows peacock feathers to reflect light that is so beautiful that it looks more sparkling and brilliant.

4. Habitat and Distribution

Peacocks come from various regions depending on the species.

The Indian peacock is native to Sri Lanka and India, but can also be found naturally in Pakistan, Kashmir, Nepal, Assam, Nagaland, Burma, Java, Ceylon, Malaya and Congo.

They can also be found in any country in captivity through trade.

Does the peacock come from Indonesia?

Yes, as previously mentioned, there is a species originating from Indonesia or more precisely the island of Java, namely the Green Peacock.

So, where is the habitat of the green peacock?

They prefer dry deciduous forests to mixed and evergreen forests.

They also prefer areas that have sufficient water sources and are relatively far from human presence.

Some of their basic requirements are a suitable tree perch, a small territory, and sufficient food.

Meanwhile, the Indian type prefers to live in open forest habitats that change leaves.

In their natural habitat, they can only be found at altitudes of 900 to 1200 masl in areas with suitable forest habitat to support them.

They are also able to adapt to much colder climates than their natural habitat.

5. Status of Scarcity

The IUCN includes peacocks in the list of animals with endangered status, especially for the Green Peacock.

There is a lot of poaching of these animals because the price of this one animal is very expensive.

In addition, damage to natural habitats and access to water sources is also the cause of this animal being threatened with extinction.

6. Behavior and Way of Life

The following is information about the behavior and way of life of this bird with beautiful feathers, from eating habits to breeding.

6.1 Eating Habits

This animal is included in the type of omnivore or all-eating animal.

Their food can be insects, seeds, plants, and so on.

They also often consume worms and caterpillars.

6.2 Breeding

How to reproduce this bird by laying eggs or ovipar.

They have the nature of polygamy or a male can mate with 4 to 6 females each mating season.

The mating process begins with the male developing a tail to attract the female.

Yes, male birds do have very beautiful tail feathers.

Male and female peacocks (pexels.com)

The tail feathers on males are also used to indicate their sexual and physical fitness.

This species becomes sexually mature at 3 years of age, although some males are able to breed at 2 years of age.

Females will lay 3 to 5 brownish oval eggs, but in some cases they may lay up to 12 eggs.

Naturally, a peahen will only lay eggs once per breeding season.

The incubation period lasts 27 days to 29 days.

They can live up to 25 years in the wild, but the average is around 20 years due to several factors. For example, predation by predators, disease, pesticide poisoning, and destruction of their natural habitat.

In captivity, the maximum life span is 23.2 years with an average of about 16 years.

Then, where do peacocks live?

In the wild, they will make nests on the ground or in thickets of dry stems and leaves.

7. Interesting Facts

Apart from being named the most beautiful animal in the world, this animal also has many other interesting facts.

Here are some of them, namely:

7.1 There is a type of white peacock

In addition to the 3 types described above, it turns out they also have other types that have pure white fur.

This type is called the white peacock.

Then, what is a white peacock?

White peacock (pixabay.com)

They are a very rare breed and were born due to a genetic mutation in the blue peacock.

It could be said that the birth of the white peacock was due to leukism or a condition in which there is loss of skin pigmentation.

They are also often referred to as albinos.

7.2 Having Philosophical Values

What does the peacock mean?

They symbolize majesty, nobility, wisdom and beauty.

In addition, this bird is also a symbol of wealth or social status because it is seen as a phoenix in the real world.

Hindus regard the Indian peacock as a sacred animal and make it the national bird of India.

Hindu and Buddhist religions consider that this animal is the vehicle of the gods so it must be respected and loved.

7.3 Has Many Benefits

These animals play a role in the ecosystem by preying on snakes, lizards and insects to maintain the stability of the ecosystem.

It is believed that this animal hair extract in the form of water or ash can be used to treat the bites of several types of venomous snakes.

This feather extract is high in iron, protein, and steroids which act as inhibitors of harmful enzymes that cause tissue damage.

This is a traditional treatment in India for those who live far from hospitals and doctors.

Feathers can be used not only for medical purposes, but also used for decoration.

Therefore, peacock cultivation has the potential to generate many benefits.

7.4 Become a dance inspiration

Peacock dance is a type of dance that expresses animal life, namely peacocks.

This dance was created by Raden Tjejep Soemantri while watching the Dadak Merak dance at Reog Ponorogo.

The dance originates from West Java or more precisely from the Pasundan area which was created in the 1950s.

Usually it will be danced in pairs with the functions of a woman and a man.

The song accompaniment used is the Macan Ucul song.

This dance is often performed in the framework of offerings, welcoming guests, education, and as a means to introduce Indonesian culture internationally.

The cool thing is, the dancers will wear clothes that have motifs resembling those of peacock feathers.

7.5 Can Fly and Run Fast

Peacock (pexels.com)

Even though they have a relatively large body, it turns out that they can also fly, but only for short distances

In addition, they can also run fast, especially when in their natural habitat.

They will use this ability when being chased by predators or other threats.

Vice versa, this bird will also run fast when chasing its prey.

Even the running speed can reach 16 km per hour, while the flight speed is around 10 mph.

That’s the discussion that explains in full the information about the most beautiful animal in the world, namely the peacock.

Let’s visit articles that discuss other animals or plants in the Forester Act!